Marx and the political economy of the media. Hence, the creative industry may find its relevance questioned if it is only considered from a cultural perspective. A critique of definitions of the cultural and creative industries in public policy. International Journal of Cultural Policy , 13 1 , 17 — The distortion of creativity in the pragmatic context as the pillar of industrial culture results in the vocabulary of creativity losing its idealistic meaning.
Creative industries and economic evolution. When the problem of creative industry is examined in relation to the wider community of citizens, for example, in art, it is easy to see that the aesthetic dimension is subsumed under the power of the economy. In this context, the meaning of art and its aesthetic qualities are no longer a driving force for the values of transcendental idealism; rather, immanent pragmatism tends to prevail.
What kind of economics? On the topologies of aesthetic capitalism. Murphy Eds. Cultureof fetishism. London, UK : Palgrave Macmillan. As such, the representation of art often becomes no more than a means for industrial products to be made more aesthetically appealing and eye-catching in the politics of consumption and consumerism Stettler, Stettler, R.
The politics of knowledge work in the post-industrial culture: Understanding the dissemination of knowledge of the sciences, humanities, and the arts. Political consumerism: Global responsibility in action. Environmental philosophy: The art of life in a world of limits. Building blocks of Western civilization.
New York : Xlibris Corporation. The philosophy of materialism is inexorably linked to hedonism Mikolaski, Mikolaski, S. Theological sentences: Unveiling the undeniable impact of sacrificial obedience. Oceanside, CA : BookBaby. Philosophical materialism is the view that the real world is composed exclusively of material things Bunge, Bunge, M. Scientific materialism.
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In this context, the creative industry positions art as merely an object which,along with other cultural elements, is exploited for political and economic gain. According to Kerrigan and Ozbilgin Kerrigan, F. Arts marketing. In other words, the creative industry seems to have swung the pendulum of the role of art and aesthetics towards a purely utilitarian function that is highly pragmatic in nature Singh, Singh, J.
Globalized arts: The entertainment economy and cultural identity. New York : Columbia University Press. Art and art education: The arena of identity construction. This also applies to texts of art, which always tend to be regarded as opposing any kind of cultural abstraction and generalization that can blunt self-awareness and consciousness. However, arts fails to perform this function as it confronts the hegemonic discourse of the creative industry.
This expectation reflects the position of universities, which the community continues to regard as the home of intellectuals who, by definition, are part of middle-class society and who have always been seen as avant-garde agents of social and cultural change Keele, Keele, M. Social change and the middle classes.
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In this context, the poet Rendra Hartoko, Hartoko, D. Golongan cendekiawan mereka yang berumah di angin: Sebuah bunga rampai. Jakarta : PT Gramedia.
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In the contemporary context, discussion of the role of intellectuals has identified a number of disturbing issues. For example, in relation to crucial cultural transformations such as those occurring in the creative industry, many intellectuals in all disciplines, including art, seem to prefer to be consumers of ideas rather than producers who direct the course of the debate. Hence, much of their discourse merely affirms the hysteria instead of presenting a meaningful critical dialectic.
Ultimately, the voices of intellectuals will slowly fade away amid the hustle and bustle of the ill-defined changes that characterise the present era. An example in Indonesian contexts can be seen in the approach of the social disciplines including art in that country, where being an agent—even a slave—to political or economic power seems to be preferred. Hadiz and Dakhidae Hadiz, V. Social science and power in Indonesia.
First Published. Therefore, it is no wonder that the social disciplines in Indonesia are becoming more instrumental-pragmatic than critical-reflective.
The same critique is offered by Laksono Laksono, P. Social science and association. Dhakidae Eds.
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Hence, we can expect more research specifically oriented to presenting positive images of various policies that will have the effect of maintaining power. When a new domain of cultural discourse appears, for example, in the context of the creative industry, it is not enough for social scientists to only possess the analytical skills to examine the premise.
This simplistic view perpetuates the uncritical proliferation of the new term. What is pursued is not reflection, but domination. Heryanto Heryanto, A. Ideological baggage and orientations of the social science in Indonesia. If this is really the case, it seems that intellectuals are no longer adequate as reference sources or as avant-garde agents of social and cultural change and enlightenment.
Rather, they have become the main compradors of civilization and humanity. This is reminiscent of what the French philosopher Benda Benda, J.
The treason of the intellectuals. Traslated by Richard Aldington. Fourth Paperback Printing. Piscataway, New Jersey : Transaction Publishers. In these circumstances, we need to take strategic steps, particularly in relation to the discipline of art education in universities as one of the main institutions that are expected to play a significant role in developing and conserving the world and sciences of art.
Each of these is elaborated below.
Alan Beale's Core Vocabulary Compiled from 3 Small ESL Dictionaries (21877 Words)
The productive pillar, or creation, involves creators or artists, the reproductive pillar involves reviewers and researchers, and the receptive pillar refers to the community who is the main support for the existence of art itself. The problem is that the art sciences in Indonesia have a crucial weakness, in that these three pillars are not treated equally. Most weight is given to the creation pillar, which has been positioned almost beyond the existence of art itself and seems to deny the role of the other two pillars, reviewing and receiving.
New York : Pantheon Books. Accordingly, there has been a lack of sociologically and historically informed discourse in the implication art sciences in that country. This is reflected in the way the arts fail to challenge the creative industry discourse through critical-reflective processes. Second, the development of an interdisciplinary and intradisciplinary perspective in art sciences is crucial. As discussed above, the praxis mainstream of art sciences in universities tends to have been drained of values in an overly rigid monodisciplinary structure.
Yet the cultural and creative industrial discourse, which has mostly been inspired by the spirit of this postmodern era, has experienced a paradigm shift that reflects the spirit of post-structuralism and is characterized by a multidisciplinary framework. It is also in line with the spirit of cultural and creative industrial texts as a site for constructing new knowledge by bringing together various possibilities and approaches without the burden of an overly rigid structure.
This group consists of artists from various disciplines, scientists and even professors who often seem relaxed, but are in fact always serious in their thinking and creating. The creative university. Engaging in a series of encounters between the internal and external cultural self, then disseminating the products of creativity, including the art itself, can be seen as a sign of a highly meaningful cultural self. This ideal dialectic can only be accomplished when each cultural entity, including the art, is grounded in its cultural self-locality in its encounters with aspects of foreign culture.
Encyclopedia of education and human development. The curvilinear ethnoaesthetic in pangalay dancing among the suluk in Sabah, Malaysia. Wacana Seni Journal of Arts Discourse , 15, 1 — This understanding, as emphasized by Sayuti Sayuti, S.
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In this case, locality values function as the foundation. This is how the cultural reasoning process works in relation to the importance of the authenticity of aesthetics and art which is based on self-local values. Nonetheless, it should be noted that locality values as the source of identity construction in the world of Indonesian art and aesthetics disappeared long ago as a result of the unbalanced dialectic experienced in encounters with foreign cultures, especially Western cultures, which have destroyed the value of the spirit of locality in Indonesian culture.
These locality values, particularly in the Indonesian context, are based on Eastern philosophy, art and culture, which have been almost completely eradicated by those of the Western philosophical tradition. Up to the present day, for instance, the world of Indonesian art development including the other branches of art has remained completely connected to the discourse of art development in the West Burhan, Burhan, M. Soedarso SP. In contrast, there is seldom reference to local philosophy masters such as Kanwa, Panuluh, Prapanca, Ranggawarsita, and others, who have generated philosophy that is equal to that of the West.
On a broader scale, globalization and the revolution in information and communication technology, which intensified encounters with the West, have spread the treatise of helplessness and dependency in the face of Western values to the whole society, which perceives them as inherently superior and not to be questioned.
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