We live in a world in which myths of all sorts prevail and in which there are conflicting interpretations of almost everything. This is to say nothing of the major religions with their varying cosmologies, and of the tension that looms so large in modern life between science and secular humanism, on the one hand, and those who repose faith in the supernatural, on the other.
One can hardly imagine so insouciant a reductionism. The lack of respect for differences in opinion or perspective appears in another way, too. Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. All of this should be enough to illustrate the point. It claims absolute truth and universality. Anmerkungen zur Vertreibung first ed. Oktober Der Rez.
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Den 'Thesen' vorausgeschickt sind Zeugnisse von Opfern der Vertreibung von denen ein erheblicher Teil bisher noch nicht publiziert war. Heinrich Windelen schrieb ein 'Geleitwort'. Das Schlusskapitel schildert die Eingliederung der Vertriebenen, auch mit Erlebnisberichten, und gibt unter anderem die Charta der deutschen Heimatvertriebenen von in Faksimile wieder. Vor allem der Appell zu einer kollektiven Sittlichkeit, die uns alle verpflichten sollte, in Abgrenzung zum Prinzip der Kollektivschuld verdient Hervorhebung.
Der Autor hat erneut Wissenschaftsverantwortung ernst genommen.
August , Seite De Zayas, selbst nach dem Kriege geboren, interviewte nicht nur Hunderte von Betroffenen, sondern auch viele der damals in Jalta und Potsdam beteiligten Politiker und Diplomaten. Die Aussagen, die de Zayas in diesem Buch gesammelt hat, verschlagen einem den Atem. Die Zitate der damaligen Politiker sind geradezu entlarvend.
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Erst gaben wir die Idee auf, das jede Konferenz ein 'happy end' haben muss. August Bonner Rundschau , Immer wieder zutiefst erschreckend das Speil verantwortlicher Politiker mit Menschen wie mit Karten, ohne irgendeinen Gedanken an historisch gewachsene Bindungen zu verschwenden. Die von de Zayas in seinem Buch aufgenommenen Augenzeugenberichte der Vertreibung bedienen sich einer lakonischen Sprache, ohne Selbstmitleid, und sind daher umso beeindruckender, in ihrem Verzicht auf Anklage beweisen sie, dass Rache kein guter Ratgeber ist, weder in privaten noch in politischen Leben.
Nur wenige Autoren nahmen sich des tabuisierten Themas an Zur Veranschaulichung dienen zahlreiche Dokumente, Fotographien und Karten So ist die Publikation durchaus im Schulunterricht, aber auch in der politischen Bildungsarbeit zu verwenden. Stoff der engagierten Darstellung ist das unermessliche Leid unschuldiger Opfer der Politik. In Anlehnung an Sebastian Haffners 'Anmerkungen zu Hitler' lautet der Titel 'Anmerkungen zur Vertreibung', um deutlich zu machen, dass hier in pointierter Weise Erkenntnisse und Schlussfolgerungen zum Thema vorgetragen werden September , Seite 4.
The four Kohlhammer editions sold out in A new, much revised and enlarged edition was published by Leopold Stocker Verlag Ares in Graz, Austria, under a new title, "Die deutschen Vertriebenen", at The first Ares edition sold out quickly and a second edition with minor additions was published in An unchanged reprint of the second Ares edition was issued for the Frankfurt Bookfair in October Bei der Darstellung von Alfred M. Die Vertreibung der Deutschen" betrachtet.
Es vermittelt anschaulich, gut lesbar, quellenorientiert und ohne Polemik Grundwissen zu einem nach wie vor wichtigen Thema. Aus einem Vortrag von Prof. Alles Zitate aus dem Buch. Der Autor arbeitet in Thesen.
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September Beck und liegt inzwischen in der Jahrhundert dorthin siedelten, meistens auf Einladung und nicht als Eroberer. Rainhard Gnauck in voltaire. The Wehrmacht War Crimes Bureau first ed. It can be said without fear of contradiction that this book opens a new dimension in the study of the war crimes committed during World War II. It should generate much discussion and encourage other students of that period to further research, not only into the legal and historical, but also into the sociological and psychological aspects of this facet of that conflict.
Howard S. Levie in the Foreword. It triggered a broad discussion in the country and has seen several German editions. The present abridged and updated English version facilitates international participation in a debate on some historical aspects of a topic which is of ever increasing importance.
It is timely and necessary to discuss the legal, sociological and psychological problems involved in the investigation of war crimes during and after armed conflicts Both this interesting publication and the open questions it leaves provide a strong argument in fvour of international fact-finding, for which an adequate legal framework is now available under Article 90 of Protocol I Additional to the Geneva Conventions.
Efforts towards establishing a permanent intenational tribunal on war crimes and crimes against humanity should benefit from the experience documented here. While nothing can compare with the systematic atrocities detailed in the Nuremberg trials, it is now well established that serious war crimes were committed by Allied troops, especially in Eastern Europe. In their book -- a translation into English of a work which first appeared in German in -- Professor de Zayas and Dr.
Rabus give some fascinating insights into German investigation of Allied war crimes. The book is based upon a thorough examination of over files from the archives of the German Army's War Crimes Bureau, an office entrusted with investigating allegations of war crimes committed by or against Germans In Part I the authors examine the personnel and working methods of the Bureau and the uses to which its findings were put by other agencies of the German Governmnent.
Part II considers a number of specific cases, most of them arising in Eastern Europe, although there are interesting chapters on the German invasion of Crete and on certain aspects of the war at sea. Given that Nazi propaganda about alleged atrocities was almost invariably exaggerated and often a total fabrication, the work of the Bureau is inevitably suspect. The authors, however, make a convincing case that the Bureau was largely free of Nazi Party influence and, indeed, that the German Army legal service provided something of a refuge for lawyers unwilling to sacrifice their integrity: two of the senior lawyers in the armed forces were executed for their part in the plot against Hitler.
The working methods described in the book are not those of Party functionaries seeking to make a case but serious attempts to ascertain the truth about allegations of atrocities. The Bureau was staffed by professional lawyers, many of whom had been in the government legal service long before the advent of Hitler. Their investigation, for example, of alleged atrocities against the German population of Poland in the Summer of stands in marked contrast to the inventions of the Propaganda Ministry on this subject.
Whereas Goebbels published accusations that some 58, ethnic Germans had been murdered, the Bureau's investigations suggest both that there was no foundation for that figure and that the Allied denial that any murders had occurred was also unsustainable. In the files which they examined -- files which were never intended for publication -- the authors maintain that they found no signs of attempts to fabricate evidence or of Nazi prejudices in the way in which the Bureau members conducted their investigations.
The chapter dealing with the work of this committee is one of the most fascinating parts of the book. The committee-- whose chairman, Admiral Gladisch, was later dismissed for his opposition to the Nazis-- produced proposals which were far from the monstrous conceptions one might have expected and were, for the most part, confined to changes which reflected longstanding German positions, such as changes in the law of naval warfare to favour the position of the submarine.
The fact that the Bureau judges were, for the most part, lawyers of integrity, attempting to discover the truth rather than to create material for propaganda use does not, of course, mean that their conclusions were always correct.
In many cases, they did not have access to the Allied side of the story. Where an Allied response to allegations of war crimes is available, it is faithfully reported. This is an excellent book and the authors deserve the gratitude of all those interested in the laws of war but unable to read German for bringing out an English edition.
Throughout the book the authors emphasize that all the cases they examine have to be seen against the background of the Holocaust and the atrocities committed by the German armed forces and SS. They rightly insist that those atrocities are in no way excused by the fact that crimes were also committed by the Allies, especially by the Red Army.
Nevertheless, by the same token, the atrocities committed by the German armed forces do not excuse the kind of crimes detailed in this book.
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I have no personal doubt that this book is a useful attempt to preserve an important truth. By writing it, the author -- whose own humanitarian sympathies are beyond question, as is Levie's scholarly detachment --has done a service to scholarship. For the historian, laws and judicial decisions are valuable sources of information which he exploits with his own tools. The lawyer must know the history of the laws and regulations which he applies, a task which requires extensive knowledge.
In fortunate cases a single author has full command of the methods of both disciplines. A book written by such an author is more easily accessible for scholars of the different branches of knowledge as well as to the general public The author of the book His main concern is human rights he has been working for more than 10 years with the UN Center for Human Rights in Geneva. He combines the experience of two continents which have been desperately in need of a greater understanding in the post-war world. An American, de Zayas has spent many years as a highly respected scholar in Europe.
Walter Rabus, a Dutch expert in international law who earned his degree in Paris, has helped him in performing research covering both continents The high praise which the German editions have received is even more appropriate for the English version, which constitutes the apex of concision and accuracy. One cannot top such eulogies, but one can affirm them. This scholarly contribution of Dr. The exposition is augmented by an excellent bibliography for the readers to undertake futher in-depth studies. Every victim of inhumanity, regardless of race, or creed, should be entitled to the equal protection of the law.
The stated primary purpose of this interesting and well-written work is to help minimize the violations of international law in any future armed conflicts. If that goal is to be achieved, it is not enough merely to know that the rules are often broken by all sides. Americans learned that lesson at My Lai. There must be continuous improvment in the codes in order to meet the changing modes of warfare.
There must be inculcation and acceptance of humanitarian values, even in time of war. Most important, there must be a more certain, objective, and effective judicial machinery, national and international, to improve the enforcement of international law and the rules of war. The de Zayas book sheds light on a problem that has not yet been resolved. The members of the Gladisch Committee were far more conscious of the gulf between Nazi theories and practice on the one hand, and the demands of international humanitarian law on the other.
Some were to die for their beliefs. Goldie, in the American Journal of International Law , vol. While most historians document German atrocities during the World War, Dr.
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In order to distinguish between propaganda and historical fact, Dr. He fothermore interviewed more than victims, witnesses and judges and verified the Bureau's records by cross decomentating with other German record groups and also the relevant American, British, French and Swiss files. Finally, as Dr. It is easy to understand, and present sinformation in an objective manner.
Any one interested in obtaining unbiased information about an obscure aspect of World War Ii should read this book. Archives were consulted and cross-checked and survivors interviewed. It is an academic job well done, and a must for students of small islands of sanity in the ocean of madness called war. Professor Howard Levie states in his foreword: 'It can be said without fear of contradiction that this book opens a new dimension in the study of war crimes committed during World war II.
It should generate much discussion and encourage other students of that period to further research, not only into the legal and historical, but also into the sociological and psychological aspects of this facet of that conflict'. I fully agree. Professor G. In this one volume, Alfred de Zayas summarizes the crimes along witht he manner in which they were documented. They were all committed by the Allies against the Germans.